Throughout history, sports have played an important role in the creation of identity, traditions, and representations of communities. They have also been used to challenge hegemonic social relations.
Athletes must be able to focus on performance, forget mistakes, and learn from them. In the process, they also have to manage their emotions. These feelings can occur before, during, and after the performance. These emotional processes help shape the role of the athlete, the coach, and the spectator.
The creation of sport in the 19th century was influenced by the emergence of the modern economy and social movements. These changes also influenced the globalization of sports. The standardization of rules, the global dissemination of sports, and the creation of national sports organizations are key features of the globalization of sports.
The rise of Western values has shaped how people around the world construct their bodies and how they feel about their bodies. These values have also impacted the way sports are marketed and consumed in the modern world.
Sports have also been a vehicle for constructing national identities. During the early 20th century, national identities were largely formed around the fortunes of male athletes. This relationship has been weakened by the proliferation of non-Western sports. These traditional sports continue to dominate in Japan, one of the few nations where they are still popular.
In the United States, basketball was invented in 1891 by James Naismith. The sport was created to meet a perceived need for indoor games during harsh New England winters.